Toro Zoysia Maintenance
following suggested management practices are
designed as a guideline to assist lawn care
professionals and homeowners in the maintenance
of an 'El Toro' Zoysia grass lawn. Location,
terrain, soil type and condition, age of the
lawn, previous lawn care, and other factors
affect turf performance. For these reasons,
the following management practices can be adjusted
to suit your particular home lawn conditions.
El Toro Zoysia at 2 inch height during the growing
season. El Toro Zoysia is an exceptionally dense
turf so to make mowing easier mow before the
turf reaches 3". Because it is slower growing
than other Zoysia's, El Toro will require less
frequent mowing. Practice grasscycling. Grasscycling
is simply leaving grass clippings on your lawn.
Glass clippings decompose quickly and can provide
up to 25 percent of the lawn's fertilizer needs.
If prolonged rain or other factors prevent frequent
mowing and clippings are too plentiful to leave
on the lawn, they can be collected and used
- When grass begins to green up in spring apply
a turf-grade high-nitrogen fertilizer, such
as 20-4-10, preferrably containing a weed preventer
such as Barricade. Broadcast fertilizer using
a rotary-typespreader following spreading rates
recommended on bag.
- In mid-summer apply a complete nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium
(N-P-K) turf-grade fertilizer such as 28-4-6
or similar. Broadcast fertilizer using a rotary-type
spreader following spreading rates recommended
- In early to mid fall apply a turf-grade Fall
Feed/Winterizer, such as 5-5-20, preferably
containing a weed preventer such as Barricade.
Broadcast fertilizer using a rotary-typespreader
following spreading rates recommended on bag.
maintain a healthy appearance during the hottest
months of summer, El Toro Zoysia needs about
1 to 1 1/4 inches of water a week. On sandy
soils it often requires more frequent watering,
for example, 1/2 inch of water every third day.
A light green-grey color and narrowing of leaves
indicate that it is time to water. Proper irrigation
may reduce pest problems in the summer. NOTE:
Always water during the early to late morning
hours and never at night. Watering at night
may cause fungal development.
a granular preemergence herbicide such as Team
2G in early to mid February to prevent the emergence
of spring weeds such as crabgrass. Late spring,
summer and applications of preemergence herbicides
are also recommended, and as stated above can
be applied in combination with a fertilzer containing
a weed preventer.
kill weeds that have emerged postemergence herbicides
can be applied. Apply postemergence herbicides
only when weeds are present and make sure to
wait until three weeks after the lawn is green.
Be sure the product is labeled for use on Zoysia
grass and always be careful to follow mixing
and applications instructions on product label.
Spot treating is recommended.
We don't see too many problems with insects
on Zoysia grass. On rare occasion we've seen
spittle bug infestation. Spittle bugs are small,
1/4-inch size, triangular-shape black insects
that have bright red stripes on their wings.
If you find spittle bugs in your Zoysia lawn
contact your local nursery to inquire about
thatch is present and more than 1/2-inch thick,
use a dethatcher to remove thatch in May.
don't see too many problems with fungus on Zoysia
grass. If a fungus is present, daconil, sentinel
or eagle are fungicides that may be used on