improved 'turf-type' tall fescues
are finding widespread acceptance
as lawn grasses in the transition
zone, and, in the southern region
perform well in sun or moderately
shaded conditions. With proper management
tall fescue can survive in densely
shaded sites that warm season grasses
cannot tolerate. Also, the improved
turf-type fescues retain better
color during the winter months and
provide a year-round green lawn.
is the oldest of tall fescues in
use today and is best used as a
pasture grass maintained at 6 inches
or higher. It forms broad clumps
of wide-bladed, dark green leaves.
Many will blend Ky-31 with the turf-type
fescues for a residential lawn.
II is one fo the newer
varieties of turf-type fescues more
suitable for residential lawns.
Titan is a hybrid of 27 different
types of fescues and therefore adapts
well to many different situations.
This new turf-type tall fescue is
finer textured and produces a denser
turf than older pasture-type varieties
such as Ky-31.
Advantage Fescue is the
newest generation of fescue. This
unique variety is self-repairing
as it spread from underground rhizomes.
For more information SEE: RTF
well prepared seedbed is essential
for establishing tall fescue. For
instructions to prepare a lawn bed
for seeding SEE: Seeding
site must be well-drained so attention
should be given to final grading
of the site. Bermudagrass and some
annual grasses are particularly
troublesome in tall fescue turf.
Steps should be taken prior to planting
to eliminate these undesirable grasses.
Herbicides containing glyphosphate,
such as Roundup or Killzall, can
be used to eliminate bermudagrass
prior to planting tall fescue.
fall is the optimum time to establish
tall fescue from either seed or
sod. Spring plantings of tall fescue
may be successful, but the risk
of losing immature plants to summer
heat and drought stress is greater.
should be mowed at a height no less
than 3 1/2 inches during the warm
season for best performance and
drought tolerance. Keep your mower
blades sharp for neat appearance
of turf. During the peak growing
season mow one time a week, making
sure not to remove more than 1/3
height of grass foliage.
tall fescue tolerates low fertility,
it responds to fertilization, particularly
nitrogen. SEE: Maintaining
A Fescue Lawn
watering is very important to the
survival of tall fescue. Do not
apply supplemental irrigation until
the grass shows signs of needing
water (wilting or rolling leaves).
Then, apply enough water to wet
the soil to a depth of 3 to 4 inches.
If runoff occurs before the soil
is moistened to a sufficient depth,
turn the sprinkler off and allow
the water to percolate into the
soil. Then turn the sprinkler back
on at a later time. Repeat this
cycle until the soil is sufficiently
moistened. Tall fescue requires
frequent watering during summer
months, which is one of the disadvantages
to growing tall fescue in the southern
fescue is fairly tolerant to most
turfgrass diseases. However, brown
patch can become a problem during
rainy warm months. Once the disease
is properly identified, treat the
lawn with a fungicide.
tall fescue lawns become thin after
hot, dry summer conditions. To prevent
this from occurring, it's usually
necessary to overseed fescue lawns
in the fall. Mow the lawn at a height
of 1 inches before broadcasting
seed. Rake the lawn to remove grass
clippings and other debris. Aerate
with a core aerator. Apply starter
fertilizer and seed at 2 to 3 lbs.
per 1,000 sq. ft. These steps are
usually adequate to rejuvenate the
lawn. After seeding, keep the soil
moist for 2 to 3 weeks.